NGOs and Development : Origin in India.
There are thousand of NGO working on the part of Trade Development. They are very much involved in this work. NGOs are active in all part of the trade. The trade is the most important part of an economy for a Country. NGOs are also known as voluntary organizations. They are known as NGOs because they work free from governmental control. And their functioning is independent of any government body. They are democratic and allow everyone to join them. Also, let them do volunteer work and serve the society.
Hence they are assumed as the important part of the society. They are fast emerging in today's worlds as far as a state has concerned. These organizations have gained a remarkable place in the world wide. Some of these organizations may take funding from the government. But the work process on the theoretically is always independent. These voluntary organizations have an open voluntary membership. Anyone can join these groups and become the member by their own choice. But, These organizations have their own for the eligibility for the admission. And if you meet all the eligibility norms you will be accepted to the society. Now getting to the point, from all this information and comparing. We can conclude, that these organizations are Voluntary in relative terms only. The practical thing is different.
Origin of NGOs in India
NGO has a long history in India. In the past time, people here are found helping the other people that are in trouble. There is a tradition in India since many centuries. The tradition is to volunteer help for the needy and helpless in the country. These services were in the beginning rendered by the people. who were motivated by their religious feelings?
The people volunteering used to believe that service to people would be the service to God. Thus, they would think that this will give them spiritual salvation. or sometimes get rid of their sins. Spirit of charity and altruism was the reason they were guided by the volunteer work in the past. They have found their expression in diverse form. These can be even outside from the formally established religion channel. Many people in the past, either the rulers or the emperors, have followed their path of service. Also, some of them have adopted it as their life mission.
There have many problems in the past. Either it is earthquake, fires or flood or any other calamities. All these problems have motivated people for the help of the people in problem. And help the trapped people in the disaster situation. At that time, the community life in India was very strong. This person was guided by the “we” feeling and has the feeling of selflessness. This helps them to volunteer the help for the one in need. The help for them was individual, spontaneous and transitory.
In the early 19th century. there was the time when organizations started forming for all these activities. And then these activities were performed in more efficient and organized manner. And they now had their permanent profile. The reform movement in the 19th century. was the first organised form of these voluntary actions. That was the time when caste discrimination was strong. Untouchability was also in practice on a large scale. Child marriage, a cursed status of widows all these were in practice in the Indian society. At that time these voluntary organisations. took the step forward and launched the reform movement.
All these organisations played a huge role in liberal and deforming the caste issue. They had a motto or creed lines and purely worked as a liberal and secular body. In the early 20th century the religion fever gave much more options and ways. And these created more rationalist principle.
Work at the current time.
At the current time, the serious problems are Consumerism and overconsumption. This problem has a large impact on the nature of development. Most of the cities throughout the world in general face this problem. And those of the less developed or developing countries have this serious problem. Other than this they have the grievous problem of garbage disposal. These are the problems that we need to take care of. And most of the NGOs are looking at that problem seriously. And they have a large impact on the control of these problems.
The number of NGOs is growing fast this is because they have gained the popularity. They have enhanced their role and this the reason they have loosen the state control. The area that state is losing it role is in upholding the welfare and well-being of its citizens. Also at the consequent development of the role of civil society. to a certain social welfare and the integration. In India, more than half million of the people are working in the volunteer organizations. With the motto for helping the needy throughout the country.
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