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State: Andhra Pradesh
Pin Code: 520001
Official Language: Telugu
Vijayawada is the third-biggest city in Andhra Pradesh. It’s the "Business Capital" of the Andhra Pradesh. Vijayawada was founded in 626 A.D by Paricchedi Kings(parents of Pusapati Kings of Vizianagaram). Vijayawada was a major hub during the rule of the Vishnukundina Empire in the 5th and 6th centuries.
History of Vijayawada reveals that Bezawada (Vijayawada) was ruled by King Madhava Varma (one of the emperors of Vishnukundina family).
Vijayawada well-established and raising agricultural and industrial transportation sectors.
The city, hence, includes temples and monasteries made through the period. For example, Vijayawada has 5 Rock-cut monuments made by the Badami Chalukyas in the 7th century.
There is a Buddhist cloister in the Vijayawada as well. These antique monuments attract visitors from the country and foreigners.
Vijayawada is not only a municipal corporation, but it is also the proud headquarters of the Urban Mandal of Vijayawada which is situated in the Krishna District of the Andhra Pradesh.
The population of Vijayawada is 1,476,931 according to census 2009.
Vijayawada has a great history from British Rule in India and here are some of the milestone years in the history of this Vijayawada after the independence of India:
1. In 1947, the Eastern Naval Command founded their headquarters in this city. Before the independence, the Royal Navy Had their headquarters in HMIS Circars.
2. In 1949 is another milestone year in the history of Vijayawada as the Scindia Shipyard was founded, which was later renowned as the Hindustan Shipyard.
3. In 1957, a refinery was established by Caltex in this city. Also started the Lighthouse, which was destroyed in a storm in the year 1876 was refurbished.
4. In 1976, this city is presently working as the port city and the base for the same was founded in the year 1976.
5. In 1979, Vijayawada was made a municipal corporation.
6. In 2014 Vijayawada was announced as the new capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh along with the city of Hyderabad.
Some interesting facts about Vijayawada:
Temple of Goddess Kanaka Durga
Lord Shiva manifested on Indrakiladri with Prayers of Arjuna and gave him the Pashupatastra. This temple was made by king Madhava Varma in the 12th century.
The world famed Kohinoor diamond arrive from “Kollur mines”, Kollur Village which is now part of the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.
Largest Railway Junction
Vijayawada Railway junction with hundreds of trains each day is one of the engaged Railway Junction of India.
The Vijayawada railway station was built in 1888. A train route connecting Vijayawada and Hyderabad was made in 1889.
The first train was started in 1969 from Vijayawada to Secunderabad. The train name was Golkonda Express which was run the average speed of 58 km.
Biggest Automobile hub of Asia
The Jawahar Lal Nehru Auto Nagar Industrial Estate of Vijayawada is the biggest automobile manufacturing hub of Asia. Here is 1500 automobile accessory units and almost 1,00,000 workers are working here.
Airport: The domestic airport has situated 19 km from the Vijayawada, at Gannavaram. This airport connects to Vijayawada to major Indian cities like Bangalore, Hyderabad, Delhi, Chennai, and Mumbai.
Rail: Vijayawada railway station is the largest railway junction of India. This railway station is connected to all major cities of India. From this station running the train to Delhi, Chennai-Howrah. The central government has allotted Vijayawada Junction with the A-1 status.
Road: You can reach Hyderabad via NH65, traveling only 275 km from Vijayawada. Chennai at 455 km, Bangalore at 640 km and Delhi is located at 1860 km from Vijayawada.
There are direct bus services to Bangalore, Chennai, Vizag, Hyderabad from Vijayawada on daily basis.