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The city of Amritsar was founded by fourth Guru of Sikh Religion, Shri Guru Ram Dass Jee in the year 1577. The name Amritsar, combined with Amrit - Nectar, and Sar from Sarovar - Tank.
Sri Harmandir Sahib also known as Sri Darbar Sahib is located in Amritsar City. It is also known as Golden Temple, one of the important temple for Sikh religion. Along with that this city also has an important claim as per Ramayana. It is said that Sita, wife of Lord Rama gave birth to Lava and Kusha, sons of Lord Rama at Maharishi Valmiki’s Ashram. The place is now known as Ramtirth Ashram.
It also attracts tourists from all part of the World. Noticeable sightseeing in Amritsar is Jallianwala Bagh, Attari Border, Wagah Border, Partition Museum, Ram Tirth, and Golden Temple. This city also has importance in the educational sector. It has IIM Amritsar and Delhi Public School like famous educational institutes.
Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport (ATQ) located at distance of 11 km from Amritsar City. 12 famous Airlines operates flights for both Domestic and International destinations from this Airport. Direct flights are available for Delhi, Mumbai, Nanded, Bangalore, and Pune. Whereas flights to Bangkok, Singapore, Dubai, Doha, Tashkent, Ashgabat, and Birmingham are available from this Airport.
Operated by Northern Railway Zone, Amritsar Junction (ASR) has 9 tracks for arrivals and departure of trains easily. It also hosts The Samjhauta Express, connects Delhi to Lahore (Pakistan) via Amritsar. This station is one of the busiest Station in terms of arrivals and departure of trains.
The historic Grand Trunk Road passes through Amritsar. Now renamed to National Highway 3, facilitates Amritsar with an excellent connectivity to major destinations in India. A Bus service from this city also connects to Lahore (Pakistan) from Amritsar via old Grand Trunk Road.