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About Allahabad (Prayagraj)
Allahabad or Prayagraj is also named the "Tirth Raj", the king of all pilgrimage cities. There are numerous references to Prayag or Allahabad in Indian epics, Vedas and Puranas. Allahabad stands at the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna (two of India's pious rivers) and Saraswati River (a mythological river which is not obvious).
The place where river Ganga and river Yamuna meet is named Sangam. Sangam is the venue of several holy fairs and rituals and brings thousands of pilgrims during the year. The most significant event at Prayagraj is the Kumbha Mela. Millions of people from all over India and the world meet at Prayagraj to take a pious dive at Sangam.
1575 AD — Mughal Emperor Akbar established the city in by the name of “ ILLAHABAS” which has now converted ALLAHABAD meant “ The City of Allaha”.
1858 AD — The East India Company formally handed over India to British Government here at Minto Park After the first war of freedom the city was named “ALLAHABAD” and was declared the capital of United Province of Agra and Oudh.
1868 AD — it becomes a place of Justice when Allahabad High Court was founded.
1887 AD — Allahabad the fourth oldest University. Allahabad has been rich in numerous Victorian and Georgian structures made in union with Indian architectural cultures.
2018— CM of Uttar Pradesh Mr. Yogi Adityanath has changed the name of Allahabad. Allahabad new name is "Prayagraj"
Attraction of Allahabad
Sangam is the place where River Ganga and the Yamuna blend with the imaginary river, Saraswati. Sangam is around 7 km from the center of Allahabad (Prayagraj). The eastern walls of the Allahabad fort view Sangam. The holy Sangam is the place for Annual Magha Mela/Ardh Kumbh/Kumbh Mela.
It is between the Kumbh that the Sangam really comes growing, attracting millions of devotees from all over the country.
According to legends, Lord Vishnu was carrying a Kumbh (pot) of amrita, when a fight broke out between the Gods and demons, four bits dropped on Earth. The Amrit (nectar) drops down at Prayag, Haridwar, Nashik, and Ujjain (which are venues of Kumbha Mela).
KumbhSangam is celebrated every three years by the Kumbh Mela, held at each of those four places in turn; the Sangam is known as Tirtharaja, the "King of Tirthas", and the Kumbha Mela, once every twelve years, is fabulous and religious of all.
The Mughal ruler, Akbar, made the Allahabad Fort. The fort situated on the banks of the Yamuna near the Sangam site. This large, majestic fort has three luxurious galleries flanked by high skyscrapers. Now, the army uses the Allahabad fort and only a bound area is open to travelers.
The brilliant outer wall is intact and rises above the water' side. The main attractions at the fort are the Ashokan Pillar, Patalpuri temple, Akshaya Vat, Jodhabai Palace, and Saraswati Kup, a great, said to be the origin of the Saraswati River.
Connectivity of Allahabad (Prayagraj)
The city of Allahabad is well connected to other major cities of India. Nearest cities are Lucknow, Varanasi, Kanpur, Sultanpur, Mirzapur, Fatehpur etc. by road and rail. Connectivity of Allahabad with metros are via air, rail. Being center of North Central Zone most of the railways are connected Allahabad for Delhi, Mumbai, and Kolkatta.
NH 7 and NH 11 are crossing the Allahabad and road and rail bridges over rival Ganga and river Yamuna are recently made to support the heavy vehicles and traffic round the clock.